Rabies is a lethal virus that is transmitted to people by way of the saliva of contaminated mammals. Some imagine that the threat of contracting the disease may be very low, and regardless of the availability of vaccines and immunoglobulins, which assist stop rabies, an estimated 70,000 people nonetheless die annually. worldwide.
In the face of a marketing campaign encouraging vaccination and disease deaths in Minas Gerais, professor of veterinary drugs at the Centro Universitário do Distrito Federal (UDF), Victor Vasconcelos Carnaúba Lima, explains that rabies can transmitted by canine bites, licking or shifting. and cats. The virus is taken into account to be extraordinarily lethal and harmful to animals and people.
What are the signs?
According to the professor, the signs of the disease are neurological and people can present adjustments in habits, problem shifting or paralysis of any a part of the physique. As nicely as extreme salivation, problem swallowing and even cardiorespiratory seizures. “It is a deadly disease in 99.99% of circumstances, each for animals and for people. Therefore, you will need to stop your self from vaccinating and vaccinating your pets and merchandise, corresponding to cattle, for instance.
In addition to vaccines, it’s also essential to keep away from contact with unknown animals, particularly the most aggressive animals. It can be vital to deal with the atmosphere wherein vampire bats (which feed on blood) are current, as these are the important transmitters of rabies in rural and distant areas.
I’m sick, what now?
If the disease is already identified, it is extremely vital to observe sure steps. “First, the affected space should be washed with cleaning soap and water and the contaminated particular person should search the nearest well being heart or a normal hospital, with the intention to begin the vaccination protocol after the outbreak and serum therapy.It can be really useful to isolate the suspected animal for 10 days and see if there are any signs of rabies or demise, ”the professor mentioned.
Professor Victor additionally warns about the significance of vaccination and prevention. There are two forms of protocols, pre-exposure the place there’s a 2+ serological dose to show that the physique has produced antibodies towards the rabies virus, and post-exposure, when the particular person is uncovered to an animal, the place there’s up . as much as 5 doses and extra for administration of serum therapy. The severity of the threat might have an effect on the type of drugs and vaccines and solely a doctor can assess every case and decide the greatest plan of action. ”
Can I take it from my pet?
Although pets will be contaminated with rabies, the threat is decrease, as this animal is thought to stay indoors and never work together with different suspicious animals on the avenue. To decide if an animal is rabid, the first step is to find out if it has been bitten by a canine, cat or different bat. Otherwise, the likelihood is zero. Vaccinations are necessary and should be carried out yearly.